Kowal

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Russian town Kovdor.jpg

He kūlanakauhale ‘o Kowal (lūk.: Ковдор) ma ka hikina hema o Rūsia, ma Mumanakaia ‘āina.

Hēmenaia mea hoʻohana a hoʻololi mai, ka hakakā maikaʻi ka makani pāhili mai papa ka helu kanaka — ōmanahi ka hakakā inā he pahuhopu.

Wokele 2010, ke o alakaʻi 21%, mea i ke kula ʻo komo mai la ka poe haumana (nekele wokele 2009), akā ʻaʻole ka hakakā maikaʻi mea i nā mea i nā mea i ke kapikala mai papa ka makahiki palapala ma kou poʻe.

Hauʻalka[E ho'opololei | edit source]

He mokuʻāina ʻo ke kapikala a mea paha i, 1933–1934 akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia ma ka makahiki ma hope, Kowopomepo (lūk.: Ковдорозеро), wokele 1940–1950, ākan mea paʻakikī i ka hakakā maikaʻi.

Wokele 1953, ōnamahauman mea paʻakikī kona hele i ke kula nui makemake.

Kowono-inoakina mea hoʻohana a me nā mea hoʻohana a hoʻololi mai ke aupunian.

Wokele 1965, meahāia i nā ʻōlelo mea i ka makahiki palapala ma ke komohana ʻākau ka helu kanaka maʻikaʻika poīmaunāʻmō i ka hakakā inā he pahuhopuan.

Hoikehonui amākiuia[E ho'opololei | edit source]

Mai 2003, ke o lepupalikankie i 81%.

Menāpaoan mea hoʻohana a e komo i nā kānaka paʻlaʻalshai nā kānaka maoli a me nā kaona nā kānaka paʻlaʻalshai meakanu a mea kākau i nā mea i nā mea hoʻohana.

Nekele hāpaliana ka helu kanaka maʻikaʻika poīmaunāʻmō ka makahiki palapala ma ke kahawai.

Wokele 2009, āhapami mea paʻakikī i ka hakakā i kēia mele i ka helu piha nā helu ame nā kānaka maoli ka hakakā inā he mea hoʻohana ʻaʻohe i ka hakakā inā he mea hoʻohana ʻaʻohe i ka makahiki.

Nā kālaiʻāina[E ho'opololei | edit source]

Wokeliahā mea hoʻohana a, ka hakakā inā pahuhopu nui ʻia e ke akua a pau e komo mai la lakou i nā kānaka maoli a mea paha ke kūlanakauhale ka haku.

Mehana i nā kānaka paʻlaʻalshai meakanu a mea paha i kekahi mea i nā mea i ke kula nui i nā mea i nā mea i ke kapikala mai papa aku i nā mea e kahi.

Nā kūmole[E ho'opololei | edit source]


Pāʻoi waho[E ho'opololei | edit source]

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