Sana Peteroboro

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Sana Peteroboro (mai 18 Aukake 1914 a hiki i Ianuali 26, 1924 [1] - Petrograd, mai Ianuali 26, 1924 a hiki i Kepakemapa 6, 1991 - Leningrad, colloquially - Peter, abbr. - St. Petersburg ) - ka lua o ke kūlanakauhale nui loa ma Rusia . Koʻikoʻi ke kūlanakauhale aupuni . ʻO ke kikowaena hoʻomalu o ka Apana Federal Komohana Akau . Hoʻokumu ʻia 16 (27) Mei 1703 na Tsar Peter I. Ma 1714 - 1728 a me 1732 - 1918 - ke kapikala o ka moku'āina Lūkini [* 1] [2] .

Moʻolelo[E ho'opololei | edit source]

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia ka hele ʻana o kahi kanaka ma ka ʻāina o St. Petersburg hou mai ka manawa o ka heheʻe hope loa o ka glacier i uhi i kēia ʻāina. Ma kahi o 12 tausani makahiki aku nei, ua emi ka hau, a mahope iho, hele mai na kanaka.

Nā makana[E ho'opololei | edit source]

  • Ua hāʻawi ʻia ke poʻo inoa o Kulanakauhale Hero ma Mei 1, 1945 ma ke kauoha a ka Supreme Commander-in-Chief I.V. Stalin No. 20 i lā Mei 1, 1945. Ua hāʻawi ʻia ka mekala Hoku Gula ma Mei 8, 1965 "no nā lawelawe koʻikoʻi i ka ʻO ka ʻāina, ka wiwo ʻole a me ka heroism i hōʻike ʻia e ka poʻe hana o Leningrad i ke kaua ʻana i ka poʻe hōʻeuʻeu Nazi i nā kūlana paʻakikī o kahi pale ʻenemi lōʻihi, a me ka hoʻomanaʻo ʻana i ka 20th lā hoʻomanaʻo o ka lanakila o ka poʻe Soviet i ka Kaua Patriotic Nui o 1941. -1945. »
  • Kauoha a Lenin (Ianuali 26, 1945 ) "no nā lawelawe koʻikoʻi o ka poʻe hana o Leningrad i ka Motherland, no ka wiwo ʻole a me ka heroism, ka hoʻopaʻi ʻana a me ka ikaika i hōʻike ʻia i ka hakakā ʻana i ka poʻe Kelemania i loko o nā kūlana paʻakikī o ka ʻenemi blockade" .
  • Kauoha a Lenin (June 21, 1957) "no nā lawelawe koʻikoʻi o ka poʻe hana o Leningrad i ka Motherland, no ka wiwo ʻole a me ka heroism a lākou i hōʻike ai i nā lā o ka Great October Socialist Revolution a me ka hakakā ʻana i ka poʻe kūʻē Nazi i ka ʻO ke Kaua Patriotic Nui, no nā holomua i loaʻa i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ʻoihana a me ka moʻomeheu, i ka hoʻomohala ʻana a me ka haku ʻana i ka ʻenehana hou, e pili ana i ka 250th anniversary o ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Leningrad" .
  • ʻO ke kauoha o ka ʻOkakopa 4 (November 4, 1967 ) "no nā lawelawe koʻikoʻi o ka poʻe hana o Leningrad i ka neʻe kipi, i ka Great October Socialist Revolution a me ka hāʻawi nui i ka hoʻokumu ʻana a me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i ka mana Soviet, no ka wiwo ʻole a ʻO ka heroism i hōʻike ʻia i nā kaua me nā ʻenemi o ka mokuʻāina Soviet, no ka kūleʻa i ke kūkulu ʻana i ka komunisme" .
  • Kauoha o ka Red Banner o ka RSFSR (December 5, 1919 ) "no ka heroism a me ka selflessness o ka Petrograd proletariat, no ka pale ana o Petrograd i ke Kaua Kivila" .
  • ʻO ka lanakila o ka World Travel Awards no ka Best European City Destination ma 2015, 2016 a me 2017 [3] .

Nā memo[E ho'opololei | edit source]

  1. A hiki i ka makahiki 1721 - Aupuni Lūkini, i ka makahiki 1721-1728 a me 1732-1917 - Aupuni Rūsia, i Kepakemapa - ʻOkakopa (ke ʻano kahiko) 1917 - [[Lepupalika Lūkini | Lepupalika Lūkini] ], mai ʻOkakopa 1917 - Soviet Russia.
  1. Ua hōʻike ka hale paʻi mokuʻāina i ke kūlanakauhale o Petersburg i kona wahi ma 1920. O kahi laʻana: Морозов Н., Принцип относительности и абсолютное. — Петербург, 1920.
  2. ʻatikala «Санкт-Петербург» ma Kupepa Nui Lūkini Nui.
  3. Petersburg no ke kolu o ka manawa i loaʻa i ka World Travel Awards